Last edited by Gorn
Monday, July 27, 2020 | History

1 edition of Assessment of the use of extended burnup fuel in light water power reactors found in the catalog.

Assessment of the use of extended burnup fuel in light water power reactors

Assessment of the use of extended burnup fuel in light water power reactors

  • 58 Want to read
  • 30 Currently reading

Published by Division of Regulatory Applications, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in Washington, DC .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Fuel burnup (Nuclear engineering) -- Economic aspects -- United States.,
  • Nuclear fuel rods.,
  • Fuel burnup (Nuclear engineering) -- Environmental aspects -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementprepared by D.A. Baker ... [et al.].
    ContributionsBaker, D. A., Pacific Northwest Laboratory., U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research. Division of Regulatory Applications.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15271315M

      Over the temperature range of interest for dry storage or for placement of spent fuel in a permanent repository under the conditions now being considered, UO{sub 2} is thermodynamically unstable with respect to oxidation to higher oxides. The multiple valence states of uranium allow for the accommodation of interstitial oxygen atoms in the fuel by:   While the move to high burnup in U.S. power reactors has improved the nuclear power sales, it remains a significant impediment to the safe storage and disposal of spent nuclear fuel. For more than a decade the problems and concerns associated with high burnup spent nuclear fuel have increased, while the resolution of these problems remains.

    nical assessment of very high burn-up fuel cycles in current light water reactors (LWRs), spanning a discharge fuel burn-up in the range between 60 GWd/t and about GWd/t. The study assessed the impacts for the fuel cycle, for reactor operation and safety, and for fuel cycle econom-ics. This article summarises the findings of the. This includes light water reactors. That said, you need to be constantly removing fuel and separating the Plutonium, which requires complex reprocessing centers. You also need enrichment centers to bring the enrichment rate up from 95% that weapons typically use.

      The NRC will also cite the report, PNL, “Assessment of the Use of Extended Burnup Fuel in Light Water Power Reactors,” but this report did not address the cladding problems of HBF. Cooling during storage may result in hydride-induced embrittlement.   The results of computational studies of the effect of different approximations on the estimation of the temperature coefficient of reactivity are presented. The Doppler effect is evaluated for fuel elements and groups of fuel elements in a light-water reactor (VVER, PWR) fuel assembly using a modified option of theUNC program intended for calculating two-dimensional Author: A. D. Klimov, V. D. Davidenko, V. F. Tsibul’skii, S. V. Tsibul’skii.


Share this book
You might also like
Total cost assessment

Total cost assessment

Atomic Energy Architecture: Reactors

Atomic Energy Architecture: Reactors

Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy

Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy

Suicide among the elderly, 1984-1988

Suicide among the elderly, 1984-1988

epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Colossians and to Philemon

epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Colossians and to Philemon

The power to dream

The power to dream

Mamallapuram

Mamallapuram

Fish products and processing

Fish products and processing

A Treaty held by commissioners, members of the Council of the province of Pennsylvania, at the town of Lancaster, with some of the chiefs of the Six Nations at Ohio, and others

A Treaty held by commissioners, members of the Council of the province of Pennsylvania, at the town of Lancaster, with some of the chiefs of the Six Nations at Ohio, and others

A lecture, being the third of a series of lectures

A lecture, being the third of a series of lectures

Glasgow

Glasgow

Auto mechanics for women only.

Auto mechanics for women only.

Hudson Bros.

Hudson Bros.

Sources of growth in modern and traditional sectors of manufacturing in Iran

Sources of growth in modern and traditional sectors of manufacturing in Iran

Assessment of the use of extended burnup fuel in light water power reactors Download PDF EPUB FB2

@article{osti_, title = {Assessment of the use of extended burnup fuel in light water power reactors}, author = {Baker, D A and Bailey, W J and Beyer, C E and Bold, F C and Tawil, J J}, abstractNote = {This study has been conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to review the environmental and economic impacts.

Get this from a library. Assessment of the use of extended burnup fuel in light water power reactors. [D A Baker; Pacific Northwest Laboratory.; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research.

Division of Regulatory Applications.;]. This publication provides a record of a Technical Meeting on Accident Tolerant Fuel Concepts for Light Water Reactors, held at Oak Ridge National Laboratories into consider the early stages of research and development into accident tolerant fuel.

Following the Fukushima Daiichi accident, a review of fuel behaviour has been initiated. Fuel Burnup – Core Burnup. In nuclear engineering, fuel burnup (also known as fuel utilization) is a measure of how much energy is extracted from a nuclear fuel and a measure of fuel depletion.

The most commonly defined as the fission energy release per unit mass of fuel in megawatt-days per metric ton of heavy metal of uranium (MWd/tHM), or similar units.

Discharged fuel (i.e. after four years of operation) from light water reactors has usually a burnup of 45, to 50, MWd/tU.

This means that about 45 to 50 kg of fissile material per metric ton of nuclear fuel used have been fissioned. Some more-advanced light-water reactor designs are expected to achieve over 90 GWd/t of higher-enriched fuel.

Fast reactors are more immune to fission-product poisoning and can inherently reach higher burnups in one cycle. Inthe EBR-II reactor at Argonne National Laboratory took metallic fuel up to % burnup, or just under GWd/t.

The assumptions regarding gap activity are based on guidance in Regulatory Guide“Alternative Radiological Source Terms for Evaluating Design Basis Accidents at Nuclear Power Reactors,” Julyand in NUREG/CR, “Assessment of the Use of Extended Burnup Fuel in Light Water Power Reactors,” February economic aspects of extended burnup fuel.

Fuel fabrication, fuel chemistry, fuel management, extended burnup fuel experience in both power reactors and research reactors, reprocessing issues, were all discussed.

Bulgaria, Pakistan and Argentina showed that there has been very good experience in the area. a burnup limit of about 62 GWd/t on present light water reactor (LWR) fuels.

One of the primary driving forces behind the HBS formation is the significantly higher burnup experienced by the approximately pm to pm pellet periphery. This increased burnup is a result of the intense resonance absorption. I’m trying to understand what limits the burnup of fuel in commercial reactors.

If ordinary reactors burnup 6% of the fissile and fertile material, you’d think that a reactor that burned 50% of the fissile and fertile load would be able to run for decades without refueling (the last decade just on the decay of fission products alone).

Raymond L. Murray, in Nuclear Energy (Sixth Edition), Advanced Reactors. Light water reactors of the Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) and Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) type have performed very well over several decades. However, in the United States without any action being taken, a number of reactors would come to the end of their license period and be shut.

High Burnup Nuclear Fuel Pushing the Safety Envelope by Marvin Resnikoff [1] and Donna Gilmore [2]January Click to print or download High Burnup Fuel Fact Sheet As commercial reactor economics have declined, utilities, with the acquiescence of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), have burned nuclear fuel longer and crammed more of it into storage.

High-burnup spent nuclear fuel cladding has a significant amount of microcracks and hydrides which will reduce the stress intensity required for crack growth. Characteristics of cladding, fuel pellets, and interface between cladding and fuel pellets are likely to change after high burnup; these material modifications may impact the structural integrity and vibration response of SNF.

This study is aimed at the development of a fuel cycle concept for host countries with a lack of nuclear infrastructure. Two interrelated criteria, proliferation resistance and high-burnup, form the general framework of the fuel management scenario with the highest priority given to light water reactor technology and plutonium-free fresh : Vladimir Barchevtsev, Vladimir Artisyuk, Hisashi Ninokata.

reactors. For heavy water reactors burnup could be extended to GW-d/t U. The extended burnup has been considered for the three main stages of the fuel cycle: the front end, in-reactor issues and the back end.

IMPACT OF EXTENDED BURNUP. An assessment of thorium and spent LWR-fuel utilization potential in CANDU reactors Article in Energy Conversion and Management 45().

Fuel Failure Experiences in U. Light Water Reactors Bo Cheng and Rosa L. Yang EPRI Palo Alto, CA, U.S.A. Abstract Over the last 30 years, the fuel failure rates in U.S.

light water reactors (LWRs) have improved significantly, although efforts. For some reason Dire thinks that Big Reactors should use 10x more fuel than default.

I don't think he actually knows anything about uranium. With a complete combustion or fission, approx. 8 kWh of heat can be generated from 1 kg of coal, approx. 12 kWh from 1 kg of mineral oil and aro, kWh from 1 kg of uranium Purchase Nuclear Safety in Light Water Reactors - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book.

ISBNOptimization of Water Chemistry to Ensure Reliable Water Reactor Fuel Performance at High Burnup and in Ageing Plant (FUWAC) Reliability of Advanced High Power, Extended Burnup Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor Fuels. Accident Tolerant Fuel Concepts for Light Water Reactors.

Request PDF | Assessment of Homogeneous Thorium/Uranium Fuel for Pressurized Water Reactors | The homogeneous ThO2-UO2 fuel cycle option for a pressurized water reactor (PWR) of current technology.The light-water reactor (LWR) is a type of thermal-neutron reactor that uses normal water, as opposed to heavy water, as both its coolant and neutron moderator – furthermore a solid form of fissile elements is used as fuel.

Thermal-neutron reactors are the most common type of nuclear reactor, and light-water reactors are the most common type of thermal-neutron reactor.Chapter 4 — Fuel Cycles 29 The description of a possible global growth sce-nario for nuclear power with or so GWe deployed worldwide must begin with some specification of the nuclear fuel cycles that will be in operation.

The nuclear fuel cycle refers to all activities that occur in the production of nuclear Size: KB.